The purpose of Florida’s 区域上诉法院 is to provide the opportunity for thoughtful review of decisions of lower tribunals by multi-judge panels. 区域上诉法院 correct harmful errors and ensure that decisions are consistent with our rights and liberties. This process contributes to the development, clarity, and consistency of the law.
In ongoing efforts to continually improve the judicial process, the Florida Supreme Court recommended in November 2021 the addition of a sixth district court of appeal. The recommendation was based on work conducted by District Court of Appeal Workload and 管辖范围内 Assessment Committee, 由当时的首席大法官查尔斯·卡纳迪组建. The Committee noted the addition of a sixth district court of appeal would also boost citizen trust and confidence in the judiciary.
随后, 立法机关提出HB 7027号法案, 根据委员会的建议, which was then signed into law by Governor DeSantis in June 2022, 成立第六地区上诉法院, the first new appellate court since the 1979 creation of the 第五区上诉法院.
The law also realigns four judicial circuits into different, already existing districts. The 第六区域上诉法院 will be composed of the Ninth, 第十, and Twentieth Judicial Circuits and will be headquartered in Lakeland. The 第二区域上诉法院 will be headquartered in Pinellas County when a new courthouse is complete in St. 彼得堡. 在那之前，它将在坦帕运营.
1月1日起, 2023, there are six operating 区域上诉法院 in Florida, 位于塔拉哈西, 坦帕, 迈阿密, 西棕榈滩, 代托纳比奇, 和湖区, 分别.
一般来说, decisions of the district courts of appeal represent the final appellate review of litigated cases.
Click the area for the court you are trying to locate and we'll redirect you.
- 第一区域上诉法院 -(1、2、3、8、14巡回)
- 第二区域上诉法院 -(第6、12、13巡回法庭)
- 第三区域上诉法院 -(第十一及第十六巡回)
- 第四区域上诉法院 -(第十五、十七及十九巡回赛道)
- 第五区上诉法院 -(第4、第5、第7及第18巡回赛道)
- 第六区域上诉法院 -(第9、10、20巡回)
The bulk of trial court decisions that are appealed are never heard by the Supreme Court. Rather, they are reviewed by three-judge panels of the district courts of appeal. Florida did not have district courts of appeal until 1957.
Until that time, all appeals were heard solely by the Supreme Court. As Florida grew rapidly in population during the twentieth century, 然而, 最高法院的案卷严重拥挤. Justice Elwyn Thomas with help from other members of the Court perceived the problem and successfully lobbied for the creation of the district court system to provide intermediate appellate courts.
The Constitution now provides that the Legislature shall divide the State into appellate court districts and that there shall be a district court of appeal (DCA) serving each district. There are six such districts that are headquartered in Tallahassee, 坦帕, 迈阿密, 西棕榈滩, 代托纳比奇, 和湖区.
DCA judges must meet the same eligibility requirements for appointment to office, and are subject to the same procedures and conditions for discipline and removal from office, 作为最高法院的法官. 比如最高法院的法官, district court judges also serve terms of six years and are eligible for successive terms under a merit retention vote of the electors in their districts.
在各地区法院, 首席法官, who is selected by the district court judges within the district, is responsible for the administrative duties of the court.
The fundamental reasons for appeals from trial courts are to correct harmful errors by having review by a multi-judge panel of experienced judges and to promote clarity and consistency in the law by publishing opinions that set forth the relevant facts of the case and the proper application of the law to those facts.
The district courts of appeal can hear appeals from final judgments in circuit court cases and in most county court cases and can review certain non-final orders.
根据一般规律, the district courts have been granted the power to review final actions taken by state agencies in carrying out the duties of the executive branch of government.
最后, the district courts have been granted constitutional authority to issue the extraordinary writs of certiorari, 禁止, 命令书, 现状warranto, 还有人身保护令, as well as all other writs necessary to the complete exercise of their jurisdiction.
一般来说, decisions of the district courts of appeal represent the final appellate review of litigated cases. A person who is displeased with a district court's express decision may ask for review in the Florida Supreme Court and then in the United States Supreme Court, but neither tribunal is required to accept the case for further review. 大多数都被拒绝了.
The Judicial Family Institute is a subcommittee of the Conference of Chief Justices. It also works with the National Center for State Courts and is dedicated to providing information, 对司法家庭成员的支持和教育.